Discuss at least one tool or resource you would need for therapy.

Part 1: word count 200 For this discussion, choose one of the most common types of trauma as discussed in Lanktree and Briere (linked in Resources): Child abuse (physical, sexual, and psychological). Emotional and physical neglect. Witnessing violence. Community violence.

Accidents and disasters. Traumatic loss. Serious mental illness or injury. Immigration-related abuse and displacement. (p. 23) Lanktree and

Briere provide a list of behaviors or issues that result from trauma (pages 42–43) and potential methods on how to treat those components. Use this chart as a reference point to complete this discussion. In your post: Identify the form of trauma you chose. Discuss at least one tool or resource you would need for therapy. Identify multiple interventions that are commonly applied to children experiencing this type of trauma.

Provide specific evidence-based research on at least two interventions that can be applied to this type of childhood trauma and why those are appropriate clinical interventions. Include references. Discuss the core components on how you would apply these interventions. Part 2: word

count 150 Respond to at least one peer. In your response, you could include additional interventions that could be applied to this type of trauma or questions in relation to the recommended intervention. For this discussion, I chose to use child abuse (physical, sexual, and psychological). A tool or resource that would be useful for addressing child abuse in therapy would be a play therapy room, helping the child feel comfortable and engaged. As stated by Lanktree and Briere (2017), play therapy can used to express tough emotions or to explore trauma-explicit involvements at his/her/their own stride. The suggested materials for play therapy can include: varying ethnic dolls of different genders and age ranges, dollhouses, sand tray with figures to use, various animal and human puppets, dolls for role-playing, building toys, changeable board games, pretend/dress up items, video games, and artistic supplies (Lanktree & Briere, 2017). A very commonly used intervention for child abuse is Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT). TF-CBT has been accepted as being one of the most frequently used and effective interventions for working with victims of child abuse (Holtzhausen, Ross, & Perry, 2016). It has been demonstrated to improve responses to depression, PTSD, and other behavioral concerns, which are common responses to abuse (Holtzhausen, Ross, & Perry, 2016). TF-CBT is an appropriate intervention as it helps the victim confront and cope with the abuse, helping the victim to move past the abuse and learn to cope effectively when needed (Holtzhausen, Ross, & Perry, 2016). Another intervention is the use of mindfulness-based interventions. A study conducted to follow up on previous abuse survivors who were taught mindfulness-based interventions established that 2.5 years later, those who used the mindfulness-based interventions had noticeable continuing improvements in depression, PTSD, and anxiety symptoms (Earley et al., 2014). The clinical significance is the improvement in the responses to child abuse and the supportive evidence that over time, the skills are still useable and assistive. An intervention that is frequently used within my local area is Bikers Against Child Abuse (BACA). A study conducted in 2017 of participating children in the program demonstrated an overall significant enhancement in the children’s levels of emotional suffering,

behavior issues, energy levels, and social and expressive functioning (Ray et al., 2017). It is an intervention that is in addition to mental health services and designed to provide extra support to the victim and his/her/their family (Ray et al., 2017). While this intervention may not be accessible everywhere, there are many providers who do provide the information to the parents/caregivers who can decide if they want to complete the referral. I would likely begin with TF-CBT and MBIs. TF-CBT is phase-based and flexible among different ethnic backgrounds

(Peters et al., 2021). TF-CBT at its center focuses on: psychoeducation and child-rearing, relaxation, emotional management, perceptive coping, processing of trauma, family treatment, and improvement of security and future growth (as cited by Peters et al., 2021). The core components of MBIs is self-regulation: meaning the controlling of responses to stimuli, emotional management, and coping skills (Earley et al., 2014). With the

understanding of the primary focuses of these interventions, I would be focusing on helping the client come to terms with the situation and coping appropriately with regulation skills to manage upsets along the way