What are causes of a pneumothorax?

Afternoon Simulation Vincent Brody- COPD with Spontaneous Pneumothorax The below activities are required to be completed before you

arrive to simulation. Completing the below criteria is your “ticket to enter” the simulation. Please have all prework completed by Monday at 2359. Anyone that does not submit the clinical prep work will receive a failure for the simulation experience. Submitting this completed clinical

document prior to simulation is important in order to be prepared for the clinical day. If this prep work is not completed, you will not be allowed to participate in the simulation (please be advised that simulations are limited, so make-up is not an option. If the simulation is not completed for

this course you will fail to meet the objectives and not pass this course-both lecture and clinical). Describe the Pathophysiology of a

Pneumothorax? What are causes of a pneumothorax?

What are the different types of pneumothorax?

(Include at least 5 sentences along with in-text citations.) (30 minutes)

1. Complete the Pathophysiology diagram below by using the ATI Med/Surg ebook or your Ignatavicius Med-Surg Text located in your lecture course shell regarding COPD. (See Chapters 28 & 30, pg. 539, pp. 637-638 in Ignatavicius Med/Surg Book for more

information.) (1hr) References: COPD (define) Health Promotion and Disease Prevention: [Text] Risk Factors Document two Nursing Diagnosis and two Goals for your client: [Text] [Text] Lab Tests/ Diagnostics [Text] Nursing Interventions [Text] Client Education Medications (list only) [Text] Multidisciplinary Care Possible Complications [Text] [Text] [Text]



Pneumothorax, also known as a collapsed lung, occurs when air leaks into the space between the lung and the chest wall, causing the lung to collapse. There are several possible causes of pneumothorax, including:

  1. Trauma: Pneumothorax can occur as a result of a chest injury, such as a car accident or a puncture wound to the chest. Blunt force trauma can cause a rupture of the lung tissue or the airway, while penetrating injuries can directly puncture the lung.

  2. Lung Disease: Certain lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, and cystic fibrosis can cause a weakened lung structure, making it more susceptible to collapse.

  3. Medical Procedures: Certain medical procedures, such as a lung biopsy or mechanical ventilation, can increase the risk of pneumothorax.

  4. Smoking: Smoking is a major risk factor for developing pneumothorax, especially in people with underlying lung disease.

  5. Genetics: Rarely, pneumothorax can be caused by genetic disorders, such as Marfan syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, which affect the connective tissue in the body.

  6. Spontaneous: Sometimes a pneumothorax can occur spontaneously without any obvious cause. This is called a primary spontaneous pneumothorax, and it is more common in young, tall, thin males with no underlying lung disease.

It's important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of pneumothorax, such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and rapid heart rate, as prompt treatment is necessary to prevent complications. Treatment for pneumothorax depends on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause, but may include chest tube placement, oxygen therapy, or surgery.