What are the historical origins of the concept of race?

Learning Goal: I’m working on a sociology multi-part question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.Homework Assignment #1 General Instructions: Complete the readings listed on the syllabus under Week 2. Then answer the following questions in full sentences. Your answers should be about a paragraph long. Include page numbers in your responses so that you can refer back to the reading during the discussion.

You can include direct quotes from the readings in your answers, but then also should explain them in your own words

. (You are also not allowed to copy answers from outside sources, like Wikipedia). Save your answers as a .docx or .pdf file. Put your name and the assignment name at the top, then put the answers to each question (numbered).

Do not include the instructions or the questions themselves in your submission.

Questions for Omi and Winant’s (2015) Racial Formation in the United States”, pages 105-136 and 253-269:Interpret the following quote: “Race is not something rooted in nature, something that reflects clear and discrete variations in human identity. But race is also not an illusion.

While it may not be “real” in a biological sense, race is indeed real as a social category with definite social consequences”

(Omi and Winant 2015, page 110). How do Omi and Winant define the term racial formation?

What are the historical origins of the concept of race?

How do Omi and Winant (2015) conceptualize racism and anti-racism?

(Keep in mind how their definition of racism may be different from the everyday use of the term).

What is colorblindness? How do Omi and Winant explain its origins? How do they critique it?

What are the different forms of “race-consciousness?”

Note how they are distinct both from colorblindness and from one another

. Omi and Winant’s (2015) book was written over 5 years ago, before the election of President Trump in 2016. Thinking about the last few years, do you think that ‘colorblindness’ is still the dominant racial ideology in American society?

Why or why not. Questions for Cornell and Hartmann (1998), Ethnicity and Race, pages 102-113:

7. Why and how did slavery in the U.S. destroy the ethnic identities of African peoples and replace them with an overarching racial identity?

8. What role did blacks play in developing a common racial identity and community during slavery and its aftermath?

9. How, and to what extent, did whites’ subordination of Native American peoples change their identities?

How did this differ from the construction of black identity?

10. What role did Native American peoples play in maintaining or transforming their tribal and racial identities?

Requirements: paragraph answer per question   |   .doc file