What was the solution to address the need for labor in the British American colonies?

According to Professor Zinn, the Virginians of 1619 were desperate for labor. They could not force Indians to work for them, since they were outnumbered and in constant fear of violent retribution.

White servants had not been brought over in sufficient numbers.

Besides, once indentured servants paid off their debt, they were free men.

What was the solution to address the need for labor in the British American colonies?

A guest worker program. Controlled migration of a reliable labor force. Black slaves. Importation of international workers

. Question 2 What is history?

The study of people across time. A knowledge production process. The study of the past to understand the present. All of the above. Question 3 How does Professor Takaki define the concept of the Master Narrative of American History?

American History is a narration of colonially-derived events in which the emphasis is placed on European perspectives, highlighting contributions

made by white European immigrants. The Masters Narrative of American History is part of a process of de-colonization that offers a series of

Counter Narratives of history from diverse perspectives pointing out contributions made by other non-white immigrant groups, with a critical examination of the widely accepted, colonially-derived story. A Counter Narrative that defines American history as constructed through the contributions of immigrants and non-immigrants groups and shapes our understanding of what is to be an American. All of the above. Question 4 This type of evidence is found in the historical record and it is defined as an object or document written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event. Primary source Judicial source Fiduciary source Secondary source Question 5 In Common Sense,

Thomas Paine persuasively presented his reasoning for American Independence. What was Paine's main argument? America would continue to participate, as a new nation, in the endless imperial European wars. Within the British empire, the new nation's prospects knew no limits. The new nation would be anchored by the principles of hereditary rule and monarchial government. The new nation would become the home of freedom, “an asylum for mankind.”

Question 6 In 1838, the Jesuit priests who ran Georgetown University, the country’s top Catholic university, needed money to keep it alive. To generate revenue, the priests decided to sell 272 slaves. Among them was a 2-month-old baby and her mother, and a 13 year old boy by the name of: Gomez Eannes de Azuara Cornelius Hawkins Augustino Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua Question 7 The Middle Passage is defined as: The trade of goods and services for weapons between Africa and the Americas. The transatlantic voyage of indentured servants from the West Coast of England to the British American colonies. The transatlantic voyage of slaves from the West Coast of Africa to the Americas. Respondido The transportation of slave from Central Africa to the West Coast. Question 8 During the slave trade, the demand for labor in the western hemisphere stimulated a profitable three legged pattern between the Americas, Europe and Africa known as: The Europe-Africa-Americas Free Trade Agreement. The Dutch Trading Company The Triangular Trade. The Royal African Trading Company. Question 9 According to archeological evidence, how many known migration theories exist? One Ten Five Three Question 10 Derived from a mechanism adopted in 1783 to tax states, this rule was used for counting slaves: Fugitive slave clause Save America's Pastime Act The three fifths clause Patriot Act Question 11 The process by which people of the Americas come into contact with European invaders is known as: Colombian exchange Colombian moment Columbus’ voyage to the West Indies Renaissance Question 12 Considered by many historians as one of the most successful and influential pamphlets in the history of political writing, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense is a groundbreaking work that intends to expand dramatically the public sphere where political discussion took place. According to Paine, what was the historical importance of the American Revolution? America is not a nation of immigrants. The new nation would become the home of freedom, “an asylum for mankind.” Without the control of the British Empire, America’s prospects were unlimited. The pamphlet acclaims the principles of hereditary rule and monarchial government. Question 13 Published in 1776, Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations describes the discovery of America as one of “the two greatest and most important events recorded in the history of mankind.” Smith’s work primarily focuses on the economic results of the conquest and colonization of the Americas. How does Smith describe the results of colonization?

The influx of goods from the New World greatly increased the enjoyment of the people of Europe and the market for European goods. Indigenous populations of the New World suffered a dramatic decline in population due to epidemics, wars of conquest, and the exploitation of their labor. Benefits for some went hand in hand with dreadful misfortunes for others. All of the above.

Question 14 The Revolutionary War split the people from the American colonies into two factions, the Patriots and the Loyalists.

During the

American Revolution, many Indian nations tried to stay out of the conflict. Some sided with the Patriots, and those who fought with the Loyalists were not the king's pawns: they allied with the Crown as the best hope of protecting their homelands from the encroachments of American

colonists and land speculators. What statement is true about the participation of Native Americans during the American Revolution?

Indians fought on the side of the Patriots, since they were invested in protecting Western European civilization. Native Americans knew that the Revolution was an effort to include them as part of a new nation, allowing them to enjoy the same liberties and equality under the law, thus they fought on the side of the Patriots Indians fought in the Revolution for Indian liberties and Indian homelands, not for the British empire. Native American nations felt the British government protected their lands through the Royal Proclamation of 1763, thus fought on the side of the Loyalists. Question 15 In 1637, Thomas Morton wrote about the experience of settlers in the New World. How did Thomas Morton described Indian life in New England? Presented Indian life devoid of debauchery. Morton condemned some aspects of Indian life, claiming that their religious beliefs amounted to devil worship, but admired their generosity and the fact that unlike Europeans, they were not obsessed with superfluous commodities. Morton was non-judgmental about Indian life, society, and religion. Morton praised Native American’s appreciation of private property. Question 16 The Revolutionary War split the people from the American colonies into two factions, the Patriots and the Loyalists. During the American Revolution, slaves fought for both sides, providing manpower to both the revolutionaries and the British. What statements are true about the participation of African Americans during the American Revolution? Their actions during the war were often decided by what they believed would best help them throw off the shackles of slavery. Most believed that victory by the British would lead to the end of slavery. Slaves did not need encouragement to strike for freedom; they considered their chances for freedom and seemed on the edge of revolt. All of the above. Question 17 Historical authenticity, that is separating myth from fact, and the veracity of methods and sources are known in history as: Histrionics and Episcopal. Hysterics and Epilogue. Historicity and Epistemology. Heuristics and Etymology. Question 18 What statements are true about the participation of women during the American Revolution?

Women took on many roles in the Revolutionary War. Some of these roles were traditional while others were unconventional and even

scandalous for the time. From supportive jobs like nurses, cooks and maids to more direct roles such as secret soldiers and spies, these women participated in America’s independence.

All of the above Question 19 Pressed for funds because of the enormous expenses it had incurred in fighting the Seven Year’s War, the British Parliament for the first time attempted to raise money from direct taxes in the colonies rather than through the regulation of trade. In 1765, the passage of this act inspired the first major split between colonists and Great Britain.

The act required that all sorts of printed material produced in the colonies carry a stamp purchased from the authorities.

What is the name of this Act? The Stomp Act. The Stamp Act. The Storm Act. The Fugitive Slave Act. Question 20 Professor Takaki argues that due to negative images of Africans, English planters felt hesitant about populating their colonies with Calibans.

Thus, in the early decades of the Virginia colony, planters chose to rely on what kind of servants to meet their labor needs? North African slaves. Eastern European slaves. Indigenous people from the Caribbean. Indentured servants recruited from England, Germany, and Ireland.